GENERAL SURFACE PREPARATION: All surfaces must be sound, dry, clean and free of oil, grease, dirt, rust, mildew, form release agents, curing compounds, loose and flaking paint and other foreign substances. Glossy surfaces must be dulled by sanding to ensure proper adhesion. Remove sanding dust. Fill all cracks and nail holes with spackle and spot prime with this product. For best results, prime heavily stained areas or watermarks with a stain blocking primer.
Wood – Countersink nails, spot prime nails and pine knots with this product. Prime entire surface with this product. Prime badly weathered wood and bleeding wood such as redwood or cedar with an alkyd primer. Caulk with an acrylic caulk.
Preprimed and Unprimed Hardboard - Prime entire surface and all edges with the product. Caulk with an acrylic caulk.
Concrete and Masonry - Cure at least 30 days before painting. pH must be 10.0 or lower. Roughen slick poured or precast concrete and remove sealers by chemical cleaning or abrasive method such as sandsweeping. Rinse thoroughly with water and allow to dry. Remove loose aggregate. Prime concrete with this product, a latex primer or a masonry bonding primer. Fill concrete block with a latex block filler.
Preprimed and Unprimed Fiber Cement Board - Prime entire surface and all edges with this product. Caulk with an acrylic caulk.
Steel Galvanized Metal and Aluminum - Prime with the appropriate waterborne metal primer or solventborne metal primer.
PREVIOUSLY PAINTED SURFACES: Wash to remove contaminants. Rinse thoroughly with water and allow to dry. Dull glossy areas by light sanding. Remove sanding dust. Remove loose paint.
Scrub heavy chalk areas and overhead areas such as eaves with soap and water. Remove all mildew by washing with a solution of 16 oz (473 mL) liquid household bleach and two oz (59 mL) non-ammoniated liquid detergent per gallon (3.785 L) of water. Rinse surfaces clean with water and allow to dry for 24 hours. Prime bare areas with primer specified under NEW SURFACES. Weathered Aluminum and Vinyl
Siding - Remove dirt and chalk. Prime with this product. If chalk remains after cleaning, prime with an exterior acrylic primer. Do not repaint vinyl siding with colors darker than the original color; the siding may warp.
Mix thoroughly and STIR FREQUENTLY WHILE USING. May be applied by brush, roller or airless spray. No thinning required. For airless spray application, use a .015”-.019” tip at 2000 psi, adjust pressure as needed. Backroll after spraying. Always keep a wet edge to avoid lap marks. On horizontal siding, paint several boards all the way across to a natural break. On vertical siding, begin at the top on several boards and work down. When using more than one container, follow this painting tip to ensure color uniformity: when three quarters of can is used, refill from the next thoroughly mixed can. Two coats minimum are required for new and uncoated surfaces. When applying over previously painted surfaces, some colors may require more than one coat. An additional coat may be necessary for dramatic color changes, dark colors or over rough surfaces for optimal appearance and hide. Establish that air, surface and material temperatures are above 35°F (2°C) and at least 5oF above the dew point prior to painting. Do not apply at temperatures below 35°F or when temperatures are expected to drop below 35°F within 48 hours of application. Do not apply if rain or snow is expected within 48 hours. On large expanses of metal, temperatures must be 50°F (10°C) or higher. Check temperature requirements on any accompanying primer used.
Establish that air, surface and material temperatures are above 35°F (2°C) and at least 5oF above the dew point prior to painting. Do not apply at temperatures below 35°F or when temperatures are expected to drop below 35°F within 48 hours of application. Do not apply if rain or snow is expected within 48 hours. On large expanses of metal, temperatures must be 50°F (10°C) or higher. Check temperature requirements on any accompanying primer used.
At 77°F (25°C) and 50% R.H., dries to touch in 30-60 minutes and to recoat in two to four hours. At 35°F (2°C), dries to touch in three to six hours and to recoat in 24 hours. High humidity, thick films, poor ventilation or dark colors will increase these times.
Apply at 200-400 sq ft/gal (5-10 m/L). Actual coverage may vary depending on substrate and application method.
Clean hands and tools immediately with warm, soapy water. Clean spills right away with a damp cloth.
Please refer to the Product Label, Technical Data Sheet (TDS) or Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for safety and detailed application instructions.